'Geography underpins a lifelong “conversation” about the earth as the home of humankind.’ Geography Association
Geography is a key that opens children’s eyes and minds to the various environments we live within and cultures with which we share our planet. To achieve this fully, Geography lessons must link together within a broad framework and geographical strands be woven through the entire curriculum by, for example, exploring the cultural context of a book being studied, locating and linking historical events, and comparing different life experiences with their own. It is through this continual weaving that a true ‘carpet’ of geographical knowledge and understanding is developed. From this, a true understanding of humanity’s place in the natural environment and respect of other cultures can be stimulated, discovered and developed. This is consolidated by school-link schemes and field trips, the latter of which are used as prime occasions to practice key geographical skills such as using an Ordnance Survey map.
Breadth of Study
Key Stage 1
Key Stage 2
• Investigate the countries and capitals of the United Kingdom.
• Compare and contrast a small area of the United Kingdom with that of a non-European country.
• Explore weather and climate in the United Kingdom and around the world.
• Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to and describe key physical and human features of locations.
• Use world maps, atlases and globes.
• Use simple compass directions.
• Use aerial photographs.
• Use fieldwork and observational skills.
• Locate the world’s countries, with a focus on Europe and countries of particular interest to pupils.
• Locate the world’s countries, with focus on North and South America and countries of particular interest to pupils.
• Identify key geographical features of the countries of the United Kingdom, and show an understanding of how some of these aspects have changed over time.
• Locate the geographic zones of the world.
• Understand the significance of the geographic zones of the world.
• Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region or area of the United Kingdom (different from that taught at Key Stage 1).
• Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region or area in a European country.
• Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of the human and physical geography of a region or area within North or South America.
• Describe and understand key aspects of:
• physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers,
mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle
• human geography, including: settlements, land use, economic activity including trade
links and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and
• Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.
• Use the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and keys (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build knowledge of the United Kingdom and the world.
• Use a wide range of geographical sources in order to investigate places and patterns.
• Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies.